International Food Safety Standards and India's Food Exports: An Analysis Based on Gravity Model Using Three-Dimensional Data

Abstract:The paper tries to understand precisely how the food safety regulations applied by the industrialized countries have an effect on India’s export of processed food to these markets. It also examines the information deficiencies of Indian firms about international food safety standards, which influence their current performance. In the light of these objectives the paper tests a few hypotheses using primary data. This has been carried out by estimating gravity model using three-dimensional statistics. Our results show that India stood to loose around 156 per cent of actual exports because of higher stringent food safe regulations in select developed countries. It also proves that foreign collaborators provide better information about the prevailing food safety regulations and how to meet those obligations. Keywords: India’s processed food export, international food safety standards, Gravity Model, fixed effects model, random effect model