India’s Outward Foreign Direct Investments in Steel Industry in a Chinese Comparative Perspective

Author Name by Nagesh Kumar and Alka Chadha
Author Name: 
by Nagesh Kumar and Alka Chadha

Abstract: Indian and Chinese enterprises have emerged as important outward investors in recent times with their involvement in a number of prominent Greenfield investments and acquisitions. The theory of international business posits that the ownership of some unique advantages having a revenue generating potential abroad combined with the presence of internalization and locational advantages leads to outward FDI. Conventional MNEs based in the industrialized countries have grown on the strength of ownership advantages derived from innovatory activity that is largely concentrated in these countries. It examines the case of steel industry that has become an important sector of overseas activity for Chinese and Indian companies with a string of major acquisitions of foreign MNEs for acquiring footprints and natural resources in order to identify the sources of ownership advantages and strategies of outward investments from emerging countries. JEL code: O1, L61
Keywords: FDI outflows from emerging markets, steel, India, China